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Addictions

Addiction is widely considered a medical illness. For instance, The National Institute on Drug Abuse [NIDA] and the American Psychiatric Association [APA] both define addiction as a “brain disease,” and the DSM-V lists criteria for classifying addiction as a mental health condition called “Substance Use Disorder."
Drugs work by stimulating the reward circuitry in our brains. It releases dopamine — a chemical that causes feelings of pleasure — into the brain, causing extreme feelings of euphoria that highly motivate us to want to do the drug again. But if we continue to take the drug, our brains would adapt to these unnaturally large surges of dopamine by desensitizing itself to it.
This leads to not only tolerance, but also the need to take increasingly larger doses to feel an effect and a loss of pleasure from normal activities that were reinforced by much smaller amounts of dopamine like eating, sleeping, and being social. Some people even become physically dependant on the drug, facing withdrawal symptoms like nausea, fatigue and insomnia without it. At this point, continuing to use the drug is no longer a matter of a choice; both your body and your brain have become addicted to it, needing it to function and feel pleasure.

It's Complicated It's Complicated
Matias Castagnola
€ 90/ session Online Sessions
Matias Castagnola

Psychotherapist in Berlin

Clinical Psychologist developed as an individual/group therapist working with....

Sean Carden
€ 80/ session Online Sessions
Sean Carden

Humanistic Counsellor in Berlin

Working with me can help you to feel understood, become more accepting of who....

Justin Morris
€ 110/ session Online Sessions
Justin Morris

Counsellor in Berlin

I am a US licensed therapist specialized in helping adolescents and adults ov....

Giannis Liatsikos
€ 60/ session Online Sessions
Giannis Liatsikos

Psychologist in Berlin

Clinical Psychologist / Psychodynamic approach (Greek-speaking). Aiming at th....

Francesca Eleuteri
€ 103/ session Online Sessions
Francesca Eleuteri

Clinical Psychologist in Amsterdam

My approach is tailored to the individual and highly up to date to the curren....

Wolfgang Heine
€ 85/ session Online Sessions
Wolfgang Heine

Analyst in Berlin

All the potential disturbances facing us today – including relationship issue....

Alastair Roberts
€ 80/ session Online Sessions
Alastair Roberts

CBT Therapist, Psychological Counsellor and Coach in Berlin

I am a UK accredited CBT/REBT Therapist, Psychological Counsellor and coach, ....

Chloé
€ 50/ session Online Sessions
Chloé

Psychodynamic therapist in Paris

An English & French speaking therapist based in Paris, I work specifically wi....

Yosef Starkin
€ 85/ session Online Sessions
Yosef Starkin

Relational and Body oriented psychotherapist in Berlin

"Give us courage to change what can be altered, serenity to accept what cann....

Gaia Porcelli
€ 60/ session Online Sessions
Gaia Porcelli

MSc Clinical Psychology in Berlin

As an English and Italian speaking psychologist, I aim to help clients to fin....

Maria Grubor
€ 70/ session Online Sessions
Maria Grubor

Psychologist in Skopje

I specialize in guiding people through the mental havoc wrecked by depression....

Daniel Zecharia
€ 80/ session Online Sessions
Daniel Zecharia

Psychologist (Dipl.-Psych) in Berlin

As a psychologist, I believe that therapy should be relationship-driven, rath....

Karoline Pfeiffer
€ 80/ session Online Sessions
Karoline Pfeiffer

Body therapist in Berlin

Working with our body and tapping into its resources can help us in times of ....

Sebastian Alexander Hale
€ 93/ session Online Sessions
Sebastian Alexander Hale

Psychoanalyst, Psychodynamic Therapist, Clinical Psychologist in Berlin

I'm a British-German fully licensed and bilingual psychotherapist and psychoa....

Paul Noel
€ 70/ session Online Sessions
Paul Noel

CBT Therapist, Psychological Counsellor, Accredited Coach in Berlin

I provide a clear, results-based approach for you to get unstuck and experien....